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© Copyright 2018

Gianluca Pica
 


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BLOG OF A TOUR GUIDE IN ROME

28/09/2019, 13:45

#unaguidaturisticaroma, #atourguiderome, #romeisus, #rome, #roma, #pope, #papa, #rinascimento #renaissance



SISTO-IV,-THE-POPE-OF-THE-"RENOVATION-URBIS"


 Some Popes made the history in Rome, mainly for their political ideas about architecture and art. And the Pope Sisto IV left many evidences of his pontificate in Rome...



It is the portrait of the Pope Sisto IV. His pontificate left, in different ways, a great evidence on the history of Rome. As all the historical figures Sisto IV made, through the eyes of our modern times, good and not so good things, mainly being a Pope. His real name was Francesco della Rovere and he won the Conclave of the 1471. We know that he had several votes thanks to his nephew, Pietro Riario, who simply bribed the cardinals, promising them benefits and gifts. He was a real merchant of course, because he was able to give to his uncle the possibility to become Pope. Keep in mind how something like that was not unusual, mainly rembering how all the Conclaves were stricly divided in different political factions, usually lead by foreign kings from other kingdoms. Being a Pope, at that time, meant had a great power. Moreover if an important noble family was able to have a Pope between the members it means that this family could become the most powerful one in Rome. Then we know how Francesco della Rovere had also an important name in the theological and clerical worls. He was a Franciscan and he faced the Dominicans with his "De Sanguine Christi" (about the blood of Jesus). There was a great debate around the holy blood of Jesus. For the Dominicans the blood of Jesus had thaumaturgical and magical powers. On the other side the Franciscans thought that it was not true. An important date for Sisto IV, who was a real humanistic man who would like to be surrounded by artistis and scholars, was the 1475. There was the Jubilee (just a curiosity, because he was the Pope who gave this official name, Jubilee, to the Holy Year). For this important and worldwide event Sisto IV was the main promoter of a "renovation urbis" (renovation of the city), making Rome a modern city for that time! For example he promoted new straight roads and new important architectures, as the Sisto Bridge, that was released following ancient ruins of a previous Roman bridge. He issued fundamental laws for the lifestyle and the security of Rome, establishing some architectonical rules (the distance between buildings, in order to avoid fires, the distruction of big balconies), being straight all the main roads of the Eternal City.  It was a way to bring new order in a city full of unauthorized developments, with several homes built resuing the massive ruins of the roman monuments. Moreover Sisto IV promoted the arts and the Renaissance beauty, commissioning the construction of the most famous chapel in the word: the Sistine Chapel. Keep in mind how the Popes of the XV century were real kings, having a great political power in Rome and in other places and cities of Italy. Sisto IV was also an important character on the political games of that time. For example he supported the Conjury of the Pazzi, the family which tried to defeat the Medici in Florence, trying to kill Lawrence the Great. Sisto IV was also famous for his scandalous nepotism, something common in the Holy Church of that time. Rome is a beautiful city thanks to people like this Pope, who was always a man of his times. Rome could be a wonderful city thanks to Sisto IV who left a mark on the Eternal City... #Roma #romeisus #Rome #arte #museo #unaguidaturisticaroma #atourguiderome #art #pittura #Papa #Pope #Rinascimento


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