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© Copyright 2018

Gianluca Pica
 


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BLOG OF A TOUR GUIDE IN ROME

24/09/2019, 13:24

#unaguidaturisticaroma, #atourguiderome, #romeisus, #rome, #roma, #medioevo, #middleage, #papa, #pope



COLUMN-WITH-INSCRIPTION:-FROM-SHEEPS-TO-STEERS


 In the Church of San Nicola in Carcere there is also a strange marble column with an usual inscription. A great evidence of the medieval time of Rome...



The Church of San Nicola in Carcere is one of the most beautiful architectonical and historical places in Rome, because visiting it we can understand how special is the Eternal City. Imagine how the church is set above three original Roman temples, built between the beginning of the III century BC and the beginning of the II century BC. The three temples are dedicated to the following Gods: Spes (the Hope), Juno (the temple there the church is located) and Giano. I suggest you to visit the underground area, because you will get in touch with the the ruins, artifacts and remains of the three ancient temples. I will write about them, don’t worry! But now we should came back to the reality, focusing on the second column on the right of the church. What is clear is a latin inscription carved on the marble surface, that is: DE DONIS DI ETSCE DI GENITRICI MARIESCE ANNE SCS SIMEON ET SCELVCIE EDGO ANASTASIVS MAIOR DOMV OFERO BOBIS PRO NATALICIES BEST . BINEA TABVL . VIQ . P . IT PORTV SEVBOBES PARIA II IVMENTA S . V . PECORAXXX PORCI X FVRMA DE RAME LIBRASXXVI LECTVS ITRAT V IN VTILITATE PBR SEVALEO LECTO SI TRATO AT MANSIONARIS EQVISEQVENTIBVS. What does it mean? Let me tell you how the inscription is based on the moment of the construction of the church. According to the literary sources this sacred place was released at the 1088, the year after of the moving of the San Nicola’s body here in Italy. But in this case we should focus on the Pope of that time, not the saint: Pope Urban II. When Gregorio VII died the Holy Church had also an "antipapa" (a not official Pope elected by a part of the Conclave), and in the same time Rome was parlty sacked by the Normans lead by Roberto il Guiscardo. When Gregorio VII died,with a small Conclave of 40 cardinals, Urban II became Pope. He followed the same political and reformist path of the previous Pontiff, in order to bring a new moral in the Holy Church, an institution that several times in the past was the main character of scandals. A lot of people were happy to help the Pope in this way, changing something in Rome to have a new hope. And on this column we can read what a dean did to the Pope, in order to help him. This list could be strange, but keep in mind how Rome at the end of the XI century was a medieval city, a place with 30.000 of people, more or less, where the homes were sobers and the wealthy men didn’t have large villas as in the ancient Roman age. So we can read that a man named Anastasio gave 2 mare (II IUMENTA), 5 sheeps (V. PECORA), but also 30 porks (XXX PORCI). Gratuities that could be strange for us, but not for a man of the XI century. #romeisus #Rome #Roma #unaguidaturisticaroma #atourguiderome #medioevo #middleages #pope #papa




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